浏览数量： 18 作者： 本站编辑 发布时间： 2019-12-20 来源： 中国贸易报
2020 is the year when a well-off society will be fully established and the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" will be completed. Facing more complicated domestic and foreign environments, the Central Economic Working Conference passed the new trend of China's economic development in 2020, and also pointed out a new path for China's foreign trade that is advancing high-quality development.
Adhering to the word "stable" is the foothold to ensure the steady progress of foreign trade in 2020. In 2019, under the background of the global complex trade situation and the Sino-US trade friction, China's foreign trade has maintained a good resilience. In the first 11 months, the total value of foreign trade imports and exports reached 28.5 trillion yuan, and the growth rate remained stable, with a year-on-year increase of 2.4%. Facing the new situation in which the world economy continues to slow down in 2020 and the downward pressure on the domestic economy is increasing, achieving the goal of achieving steady progress in foreign trade requires "reasonable growth in quantity and steady improvement in quality." The "reasonable growth in volume" requires the coordinated growth of imports and exports, trade in goods and services. Only by maintaining a reasonable growth range in foreign trade can the goal of stimulating domestic economic development be brought into play. The “steady improvement of quality” emphasizes the optimization of international market layout, domestic regional layout, business entities, product and service structure, and trade methods. It uses original innovation and integrated innovation to accelerate the growth of new competitive advantages, and ensures the development of new and old kinetic energy conversion Improve quality and efficiency.
Promoting a higher level of opening up is the supporting point for maintaining stable growth of foreign trade in 2020. A higher level is reflected in the need to continue opening up to a wider area, a wider area, and a deeper level. The so-called "wider scope" is, on the one hand, reflected in the deepening of trade cooperation with the "Belt and Road" countries to further promote the diversification of the international market; on the other hand, it is manifested in the continuous expansion of the scope of the free trade pilot zone and free trade zone. Accelerate the pace of institutional innovation with the reform and opening up of mechanisms and systems. The so-called "wider field" means that China will expand its opening up from manufacturing to service industry and agriculture, form a comprehensive opening-up pattern of primary, secondary and tertiary industries, and promote opening up in many fields such as culture, education, tourism, science and technology. The so-called "deeper levels" are manifested in further relaxation of access, reduction of negative lists, acceleration of investment promotion and protection, reduction of tariff levels, and construction of a better business environment. The new round of opening-up characterized by the three "more" will certainly inject vitality into the stable growth of foreign trade.
Tightly twisting the new development concept and promoting high-quality development are the key points for maintaining stable foreign trade quality in 2020. The stability and improvement of foreign trade cannot be separated from "innovation-driven". It and the "reform and opening up" are the two wheels to enhance the competitiveness of foreign trade. Foreign trade must take the initiative to innovate on the industrial foundation, innovation ability, quality and brand building, and this innovation depends on promoting the development of foreign trade agglomeration zones, promoting the establishment of foreign trade promotion platforms, promoting the construction of international marketing systems, and improving the construction of public service platforms. To take the initiative to reform. This kind of high-quality development must also “focus on solving various imbalances and insufficiency problems”, which requires us to actively expand imports, vigorously develop trade in services, promote effective interaction between trade and two-way investment, and promote trade and the environment. Coordinated development. Only by tightly twisting the new development concept can we promote the orderly and free flow of international and domestic factors, the efficient allocation of resources, and the deep integration of the market, the promotion of the basic balance of international payments, and the creation of a new situation in international trade cooperation.
Against the backdrop of increasing challenges at home and abroad, the current trend of China's economic stability and long-term improvement has not changed. Although globalization has come back, the trend is vast and the cross-border flow of information, capital, and technology is more frequent. A new round of technological revolution is in the ascendant. The global governance structure is being adjusted and developed in a more fair, reasonable, and democratic direction. Challenges and opportunities coexist in 2020. China's economic development will make good use of "time" and "potential", and will continue to forge ahead with firm confidence and use hard work to turn crisis into opportunity. And in 2020, foreign trade that continuously promotes high-quality development will certainly usher in a brighter new prospect with the Chinese economy.