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Spring is the most important production and sales season for the flower industry, but due to the outbreak of the new crown epidemic, China's flower market sales and import and export trade have fluctuated to a certain extent.
Looking back at the development process of China's flower industry, due to the improvement of planting technology, the opening of e-commerce channels, and the growing spiritual and cultural needs of people, the market size of flowers continues to expand, and the import and export value continues to increase, especially exports have grown significantly. One of the superior agricultural products.
Features of China's flower import and export trade in 2019
The growth rate of exports was obvious, the negative growth of imports for the first time, and the trade surplus further expanded. In 2019, China's total import and export of flowers and plants was US $ 620 million, a year-on-year increase of 3.6%. Among them, the export was US $ 360 million, an increase of 14.6%, the highest increase in the past five years; the import was US $ 270 million, a decrease of 8.3%, the first negative growth in the past 10 years; the trade surplus was US $ 94.78 million, an increase of 2.8 times from the previous year.
For the first time, Vietnam squeezed into China's top five export markets. In 2019, China's flower export market spreads to 97 countries and regions. The top five export markets are Japan, South Korea, the Netherlands, the United States and Vietnam, with a total export of 230 million US dollars, accounting for 65% of total exports.
Guangdong's exports are growing rapidly, and imports are still concentrated in the areas of circulation and consumption centers. In 2019, China's main flower exporting provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) are Yunnan, Fujian, Guangdong, Zhejiang, and Shanghai. Among them, Fujian's exports amounted to 83.061 million US dollars, an increase of 22.8% year-on-year, and the growth trend was obvious; 40.8%, the fastest growing province. The importing provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) are mainly concentrated in Yunnan, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Shanghai and Beijing. They are China's flower production, distribution centers and flower consumption centers. Among them, Yunnan ranks first with an import value of 79.947 million US dollars.
Flower import and export trade during the epidemic
Due to the outbreak of the epidemic on a global scale, public activities and celebrations in various countries have decreased significantly, and the demand for flowers has declined. The world's flower import and export trade has also been affected. The impact of the epidemic on China's flower import and export trade is mainly reflected in the slowdown in export growth and the sharp decline in imports.
Exports have shifted from traditional markets such as Japan and South Korea to emerging markets in Southeast Asia. China's traditional export markets such as Japan, South Korea, and the United States have been hit by the epidemic and demand for flower imports has declined. In the first quarter of 2020, China's exports to the three countries decreased by 7.2%, 12.1%, and 23.5% respectively over the same period of the previous year; export destinations turned to Southeast Asian markets that were less affected by the epidemic, and exports to Vietnam and Myanmar increased by 88.3% , 383.8%. In terms of imports, imports from major importing countries such as Japan, the Netherlands, Ecuador, and Thailand all declined due to the coldness of China's fresh cut flower market, and imports from Ecuador fell by 61.8%, the largest decline.
At present, the negative effects of the domestic epidemic are fading, and the flower market is gradually recovering. On May 10, just past Mother's Day, the flower market business was hot, and sales increased from the same period last year. The steady recovery of global demand will greatly enhance the import and export trade of flowers and let us wait for the flowers to bloom.