浏览数量： 120 作者： 孙韶华 发布时间： 2020-04-21 来源： 经济参考报
The local version of the regulations for optimizing the business environment has been intensively promoted, the reform of the "decentralization management" has continued to deepen, and a series of economic policies to stabilize the anti-epidemic situation have been implemented in time. A series of actions have shown China's determination and strength to continue to optimize the business environment.
The industry pointed out that with the certainty of optimizing the environment to hedge economic uncertainties, some of the corporate benefit policies in the fight against the epidemic can be explored to normalize after summing up experience. Optimizing the business environment is not only based on the current snowfall, but also a long-term profound change. With the continuous implementation of regulations and other processes, the optimization of the business environment will usher in more dividends.
The local version of regulations intensively landed
Speed up the construction of rule of law
Recently, the local version of the business environment regulations has ushered in intensive landing. From a nationwide perspective, the legalization and standardization of the business environment has accelerated significantly. Among them, the “Regulations on Optimizing the Business Environment of Shanghai” will come into effect on April 10, 2020. The regulations are aimed at stimulating the vitality of market players, advancing the modernization of government governance systems and governance capabilities, and building Shanghai into an outstanding global city with An international metropolis of socialist modernization with world influence.
The "Beijing Regulations on Optimizing the Business Environment" will come into effect on April 28, 2020. Prior to this, Beijing released the 3.0 version of business reform at the end of 2019, benchmarking the international frontier and the best domestic level, striving for key links and difficult issues, "Internet + government services", comprehensive window construction, post-event supervision, etc.7 A breakthrough has been made in all aspects.
In addition, many places are also intensively promoting the implementation of business environment regulations. For example, the "Regulations on Optimizing the Business Environment of Henan Province" began to solicit public opinions in preparation for the formulation of the regulations; Shaanxi Province has recently issued an implementation plan to implement the "Regulations on Optimizing the Business Environment"; Arranged for deployment.
In fact, in recent years, optimizing the business environment has been listed as the "number one project" for comprehensive deepening of reforms in many places. The policy is first and deep in layers, setting off a trend of optimizing the business environment throughout the country.
"A major breakthrough is being made in the legalization and standardization of the business environment in China." Ma Xiaobai, an associate researcher at the Enterprise Research Institute of the Development Research Center of the State Council, told reporters that the introduction of the "Regulations on Optimizing the Business Environment" marks that the optimization of the business environment has officially become a national level. Strategy, and the positive response from various places is also showing that this approach has achieved positive results. Especially at the moment when China's economic transformation is the most critical, the nationwide expansion of the business environment optimization work will undoubtedly inject new vitality into the economic development, which is important for improving China's investment and market environment, further liberating productivity, and improving comprehensive competitiveness. significance.
Wu Jianfeng, a professor at the International Business School of the University of International Business and Economics, told reporters that China ’s “Regulations on Optimizing the Business Environment” will be officially implemented from January 1, 2020. Can local governments respond quickly to the central government ’s call to further refine and optimize the regulations to truly achieve Simplifying administration and decentralization, combining decentralization with management, and optimizing services are one of the hallmarks of local government governance. In addition, the quality of the business environment directly determines the attractiveness of local governments to capital and entrepreneurship. Funds, talents and technology will flow to areas where the business environment is more convenient. Therefore, the pressure of competition will prompt local governments to introduce more convenient business environment optimization regulations as soon as possible.
Short-term assistance and long-term reform go hand in hand
In the context of this year's anti-epidemic situation and stable economy, various departments and local governments have focused on resuming production and resuming production, and have issued a number of policies from aspects such as finance, taxation, finance, and material security.
Many of these policies are closely related to the business environment. "In February 2020, we surveyed 761 companies and found that the biggest challenge facing companies during the epidemic was the cash flow problem caused by the inability to resume work as quickly as possible. Fortunately, various local governments have introduced support policies." Wu Jianfeng told reporters, which The epidemic period measures directly related to the business environment can be summarized into three aspects: the tax payment link, including the suspension of some administrative fees, the reduction of the rent of small and medium-sized enterprises, and the extension of tax payment, etc .; the credit link, to further increase credit availability and reduce Corporate financing costs, increased financing convenience services, deferred loan and interest payment, etc .; from offline to online, expand the proportion of online transactions for various businesses and reduce personnel contact. These measures alleviated the cash flow crisis of many small, medium and micro enterprises and reduced the operating costs during the epidemic.
Hedging economic uncertainty with the certainty of optimizing the environment has undoubtedly injected confidence into the market. It is worth noting that optimizing the business environment is not only based on the current situation, but also a profound change in the long-term. It aims to create a market-oriented, legalized, and international business environment, stimulate market vitality and social creativity, and promote high-quality economic and social development. .
Ma Xiaobai said that the development of small and medium-sized enterprises is inseparable from policy support. After the epidemic occurred, policy assistance can be said to be even more important. During the epidemic situation, the main direction for optimizing the business environment to focus on the needs of market players is still determined, which provides an effective guarantee for enterprises to respond to uncertain risks in the economy. It should be noted that this "certainty" direction still depends on the steady implementation of long-term policies. In the long run, it is necessary to continuously adjust and launch new support policies in accordance with the actual situation to consolidate the existing results and help enterprises restore their original status Some productivity levels.
Wu Jianfeng suggested that the preferential policies and measures to support the financing of small and medium-sized enterprises during the outbreak can be normalized. In addition, we will further embrace intelligent interconnected technologies, give full play to the positive role of Internet +, big data, and artificial intelligence in government services, and complete more work processes online to effectively enhance the sense of gain for enterprises and the masses.
More bonuses will be released
Next, with the continuous implementation of laws and regulations, the evaluation system will be promoted in prefecture-level cities across the country, the optimization of the business environment will usher in more dividends.
Jiang Zhen, an associate researcher at the Institute of Financial Strategy of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told reporters that in the context of fighting the epidemic, the optimization of the business environment has a special meaning. In order to reduce the impact of the epidemic on enterprises, the implementation of some optimization measures is more urgent and faster. In his view, during the epidemic, many innovative administrative management methods were explored, such as online approval, online tax payment services, etc. If these special management measures can explore normalization under the principle of governing the country according to law, it will greatly promote the business environment. In addition, you can also explore a list-style management model to unblock the flow of factors between regions and stimulate market vitality. Under the globalization pattern, we will promote reform through opening up to create a business environment that complies with international regulations and has Chinese characteristics.
In recent years, China's business environment has increased in the international ranking year by year, and major breakthroughs have been made in many fields. According to the World Bank's Global Business Environment Report 2020, China's business environment ranking has risen by 15 places from last year, ranking 31st in the world. It has become one of the 10 economies with the largest improvement in the global business environment for two consecutive years .
In Ma Xiaobai's view, it is necessary to consolidate the effectiveness of the existing policies and ensure that China's business environment is more convenient and stable. As the reform enters the deep water zone, the problems will be more difficult. We must focus on the pain points and difficulties in all areas and apply the right medicine to steadily advance the reform work. In addition, in further reforms, it is necessary to fully combine China's national conditions and local actual conditions, and take the market players' needs as the guide to explore innovative reform programs with Chinese characteristics. In addition, an important content of the Regulations on Optimizing the Business Environment is to reduce the degree of government intervention in market entities. Therefore, in the process of reform, it is possible to consider the establishment of an appropriate power-down mechanism to examine the performance of local units Make sure policies are implemented.