浏览数量： 9 作者： 王文博 发布时间： 2020-04-29 来源： 经济参考报
From the expansion of the cross-border e-commerce comprehensive test zone team to the approval of the inland open economic test zone, from the expansion of the comprehensive bonded zone to the encouragement of foreign investment catalogs, the policy tilt is clearly increased, and the recent inland development and opening speed-up signals have been intensively released. The reporter was informed that the Ministry of Commerce, the General Administration of Customs, the National Development and Reform Commission and other departments are still preparing a series of favorable policies to promote the development and opening of the Midwest and other inland areas, and promote the implementation of existing reform and opening up experience in these areas. The intensity and speed of industrial gradient transfer.
Experts said that these measures are an important arrangement for China to implement a wider range of opening-up and optimize the open space pattern. With the accelerated release of latecomer advantages, the inland regions will usher in a new growth pole for open economic development.
The reporter learned from the special press conference of the Ministry of Commerce held on April 28 that as China's opening up to the outside world, the Pilot Free Trade Zone coordinated the promotion of epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, firmly promoted the expansion of opening up, and provided a new engine for economic development. . Statistics show that in the first quarter of this year, the 18 free trade zones nationwide actually used 28.9 billion yuan of foreign capital, accounting for 13.4% of the country.
After six and a half years of development, the Pilot Free Trade Zone in China has continuously expanded from the coast to the inland, and has formed a regional pattern of east-west complementarity with north and south, effectively driving the open development of inland areas. For example, the Henan Pilot Free Trade Zone was established for three years, focusing on building open channels, improving open platforms, deepening reform and innovation, accelerating the construction of logistics hubs with international influence, and basically building a hub economy that connects both inside and outside.
The Shaanxi Pilot Free Trade Zone has also become an important platform for inland foreign trade and economic cooperation. Zhai Beiqin, deputy director of the Shaanxi Provincial Free Trade Office, said in an interview with reporters that in 2019, there were 91 newly established foreign-invested enterprises in the Shaanxi Free Trade Pilot Zone, and the actual use of foreign capital was 1.03 billion US dollars, accounting for 70% of the province; 100 million yuan, accounting for 71% of the province.
The reporter learned from interviews with relevant persons in charge of the Pilot Free Trade Zone that next, the inland Pilot Free Trade Zone in Henan and Shaanxi will further strengthen the synergy with other national strategic platforms and continue to deepen reform and innovation. It will also accelerate the promotion of the opening experience in the surrounding areas, promote the development of other inland areas, and promote the development of an open economy.
In addition to the Pilot Free Trade Zone, the inland regions have ushered in more policy tilts towards the construction of open platforms. The executive meeting of the State Council held on April 7 decided that on the basis of the establishment of 59 cross-border e-commerce comprehensive test areas, 46 new cross-border e-commerce comprehensive test areas were established. Assistant Minister of Commerce Ren Hongbin said at a press conference of the State Council ’s joint defense and joint control mechanism that up to now, the 105 comprehensive test zones across the country have covered 30 provinces, autonomous regions, and cities, forming a development pattern of linkage between the land and the sea and the mutual cooperation between East and West.
On April 13, the State Council issued the "Response on the Agreement to Establish the Jiangxi Inland Open Economic Pilot Area", which clearly stipulates the potential for regional cooperation, promotes the free and efficient flow of resource elements, and accelerates the construction of both internal and external, global coordination, and high quality and quality. The pattern of opening up is to strive for a new path of two-way high-level opening in inland provinces, and to promote reform, development and innovation through opening up.
"The Inland Opening Pilot Zone is an important measure to encourage the central and western regions to cultivate their own advantages and achieve catch-up and catch-up. It is also an extension of China's opening up from the eastern coast to the central and western inland regions, promoting the opening up to the depth, and gradually forming an all-round An important measure of the open pattern. "Pang Chaoran, an associate researcher at the Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, told reporters.
In Pang Chaoran's view, after a period of development, some central and western provinces have gradually explored successful experiences suitable for the development of inland areas, with strong endogenous development momentum, and the conditions for continuing to expand and promote open economic pilot areas have gradually matured. . In the future, it is expected to see more regions bid for and be approved to set up relevant test areas, which will help to further promote the two-way high-level opening of inland areas.
In addition, the construction of platforms such as the National Import Trade Promotion Innovation Demonstration Zone and the Comprehensive Bonded Zone will also be accelerated to the central and western regions. The Ministry of Commerce proposed at the work meeting at the beginning of the year that on the basis of the cultivation of the first and second batch of national import trade promotion innovation demonstration zones, it will step up the promotion of the third batch of demonstration zones to promote the balanced development of the Western Middle East. The General Administration of Customs has also made it clear recently that the comprehensive bonded area will be further expanded, and the newly established integrated bonded area will be tilted towards the central and western regions.
While advancing the construction of the platform, good industrial development continues to spread. On April 20, the National Development and Reform Commission stated that it will release the 2020 version of the catalogue for encouraging foreign investment as soon as possible. "This revision encourages entries to increase but not decrease. The focus is on promoting the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry, making better use of the potential of the Midwest and Northeast regions to undertake industrial transfer, and enabling foreign investment in more fields to enjoy relevant preferential policies such as taxation. "The National Development and Reform Commission spokesman Yuan Da said.
Zong Changqing, director of the Department of Foreign Investment of the Ministry of Commerce, revealed that foreign investment in areas in the Midwest Encouragement Catalog can not only enjoy the preferential policies of the national version of the catalog, but also enjoy the 15% corporate income tax rate discount for the Western Development.
In addition to the foreign investment field, the foreign trade field is also an important focus for the industrial development of inland areas. Ren Hongbin said that he will pay close attention to the implementation of policies and measures related to supporting processing trade, support the central and western regions and the northeast region to undertake gradient transfers, encourage processing trade enterprises to expand the domestic market, and promote the development of processing trade innovation.
"A series of signals indicate that while maintaining sustained development in the east, China will accelerate the development of inland areas by leaps and bounds and promote the coordinated development of the eastern, central, and western regions." Pang Chaoran believes that this is China's implementation of a wider range of openness and optimized open space The important measures of the pattern help to promote the gradient transfer of the advantageous industries in the eastern coastal areas to the inland areas, give full play to the advantages of resources, land and labor in different regions, and cultivate new growth poles for the development of an open economy in the inland areas.
In an interview with reporters, Zhang Fei, deputy director of the Foreign Investment Research Institute of the Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, said that accelerating the development and opening of inland areas is an important task for China to coordinate regional economic development and implement a comprehensive opening strategy. "To cope with the severe impact of the spread of the New Coronary Pneumonia epidemic on China ’s economic development and foreign trade imports and exports, based on the basic conditions of various regions, we will use cross-border e-commerce comprehensive pilot zones, comprehensive bonded zones, and inland development and open pilot zones. To further expand development in a wider geographical area is conducive to straightening out the open economic system and mechanism and deeply releasing the huge development potential of our economy. "Zhang Fei said.